Japan, or Nihon as it's name is in Japanese, is a island nation located in east asia. Consisting mainly of four main islands (Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku) and over 6,000 smaller islands of which over 430 are populated. Having the world's tenth-largest population with 126 million, making the capital Tokyo with surrounding prefectures the largest metropolitan area in the world.
Since Japan is a island the only way to get into the country is by plane or ferry. The infrastructure is well developed with a large network of railways connecting Japan from Hokkaido in the north down to the Kyushu in the south. Okinawa, being separated from the main islands is only accessible by air and ferry traffic.
Visitors planning on traveling through the country are advised to get the Japan Rail Pass. The pass allows for unlimited travel on JR lines, including the Shinkansen bullet train. The Japan Rail Pass is only avaiable to tourists and can only be bought before coming to Japan. Please contact your local travel agency, or check out the Japan Rail Pass official help page for more information.
The largest and dominant carriers are All Nippon Airways (ANA) and Japan Airlines (JAL), with both consisting of several airlines and serving over 50 national airports. Recent years have also seen an introduction of several low cost domestic airlines, lowering prices on domestic flights making it a more comparable alternative to the Shinkansen. Do bear in mind though that most airports are located outside mayor towns, often making the Shinkansen the most convenient way to travel domestically in Japan.
|Shinkansen||18,000 Yen||4-5 hours|
|Airplane||30,000 Yen||90 min + 50 min (from airport to city)|