Nagasaki Prefecture consists of the northwestern tip of Kyushu and hundreds of smaller islands. Prefectural capital is Nagasaki City with a population of about 446,000 people.
Some of the most visited sightseeing spots in Nagasaki.
Gunkanjima is a small island located about 20 kilometers from Nagasaki Port. Until 1974, the island served as a coal mine, and more than 5000 residents called the 480 meter long, 150 meter wide island home, resulting in the highest population density in history recorded worldwide. To accommodate so many people in such a small area, every piece of land was built up so that the island came to resemble a massive battleship. In fact, "Gunkanjima" is a nickname that means "battleship island" in Japanese. The island's formal name is Hashima.
In April 2009, however, a newly constructed boat dock made it possible for sightseeing tour boats to land on Gunkanjima. Tour participants are taken to three observation decks in a small part on the southern end of the island and spend about 45 minutes on the island with Japanese speaking tour guides. Tours do not involve getting too close to the buildings because of the risk of collapse.
Tour boats are operated by multiple companies and depart from various locations in Nagasaki Port, including the Nagasaki Port Ferry Terminal near the Ohato tram stop and the Tokiwa Terminal near the Ourakaikandori tram stop, about 15 minutes by tram line 1 and 5 from Nagasaki Station).
Nagasaki Chinatown, also known as Shinchi Chinatown, is Japan's oldest chinatown. It was established as early as the 17th century, due to the fact that Nagasaki's port remained the country's only major port opened to Chinese trade during the era of isolation. Over the centuries, the residents of Shinchi Chinatown have bestowed the city of Nagasaki with a Chinese flair not felt in any other of Japan's major cities. Today, Nagasaki's chinatown is best known for its restaurants and their two most famous local noodle dishes, champon and sara udon.
Nagasaki's Chinatown is a short walk from the "Tsukimachi" tram stop on the tram lines 1 and 5.